F Harmonic Minor Piano Scale
The key of F minor and A flat major are related and share the same key signature of 4 flats, B flat, E flat, A flat and D flat. F minor is known as the relative minor of A flat major; A flat major is known as the relative major of F minor.
F is the 6th note of the A flat major scale. The 6th degree of any major scale is always the note which represents the related minor key.
As the keys of A flat major and F minor are related to each other, they both share the same key signature of 4 flats. Therefore the scale of F minor, in its most basic, natural form, will share exactly the same notes as A flat major but rather than beginning and ending on A flat (A flat major) will begin and end on F (F minor).
A flat major: A flat B flat C D flat E flat F G A flat
F Natural minor: F G A flat B flat C D flat E flat F
To change the natural F minor scale into the harmonic F minor scale
Take the notes of the natural F minor scale and raise the 7th degree, E flat, by one semitone or half step to E natural. There will still be 4 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab and Db, in the key signature but now E natural will appear as an accidental on the music staff.
F Harmonic Minor Scale:
F G A flat B flat C D flat E natural F
Below are the piano notes, sheet music and suggested fingerings for the F harmonic minor piano scale